Statistics is a field of mathematics that involves collecting, analyzing, interpreting, presenting, and organizing data. It is used in a wide range of disciplines to make informed decisions, draw conclusions, and identify trends and patterns in data. In research, statistics is used to design experiments, analyze results, and make predictions based on data. It helps researchers determine the likelihood of certain outcomes, test hypotheses, and make generalizations about populations based on samples. Statistics is a fundamental tool in scientific research, social sciences, business, healthcare, and many other fields.