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Associate professor Wolfgang Fink is the inaugural Edward and Maria Keonjian Endowed Chair with joint appointments in the departments of electrical and computer engineering, biomedical engineering, systems and industrial engineering, aerospace and mechanical engineering, and ophthalmology and vision science at the University of Arizona. From 2001 to 2016 he served as a visiting associate in physics at the California Institute of Technology and held concurrent appointments as a visiting research associate professor of ophthalmology and neurological surgery at the University of Southern California from 2005 to 2014. He was a senior researcher at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory from 2001 to 2009. Fink is the founder and director of the Visual and Autonomous Exploration Systems Research Laboratory at Caltech and the University of Arizona, as well as the founder and director of the University of Arizona Center for Informatics and Telehealth in Medicine. His research comprises human and brain-machine interfaces, smart service systems, autonomous systems, biomedical engineering for health care, and computer-optimized design. He is an AIMBE fellow, a PHM fellow, an SPIE fellow, a UA College of Engineering da Vinci fellow, a UA ACABI fellow, and a senior member of IEEE. He has more than 257 publications and 21 patents to date.

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Courses
  • CT
    Computational Techniques

  • NMPBS
    Numeric Modeling of Physics & Biological Systems

Grants
  • Funding agency logo
    Anomaly Detection via Topological Feature Map

    Principal Investigator (PI)

    2019

    $100.0K
  • Funding agency logo
    Assessment of Current State-of-the Art "Autonomy"

    Principal Investigator (PI)

    2018

    $30.0K
  • Funding agency logo
    I/UCRC: University of Arizona Planning Grant: I/UCRC for Center for Intelligent Telemedicine

    Principal Investigator (PI)

    2016

    $15.0K
  • Funding agency logo
    PFI:BIC Making Full Uses of the High-Resolution Image Capability of Smartphones to Collect Data through Ophthalmic Devices for Smart Mobile- and Tele-Health

    Principal Investigator (PI)

    2014

    $805.7K
  • Funding agency logo
    PFI:BIC: Making Full Use of the High-Resolution Image Capability of Smartphones to Collect Data through Ophthalmic Devices for Smart Mobile- and Tele-Health

    Principal Investigator (PI)

    2014

    $5.7K
Technologies / Patents
      News
      • Humans, Machines Enter a New Orbit

        2018

      • 'Star Wars' Science: How Would BB-8 Work?

        2015

      • UA Professor Engages Kids, Encourages Z’s

        2015

      • H.S. Students Get a Jump Start on Research

        2015

      • Building Curiosity Into Technology

        2015

      • UA Engineering Turns Smartphones Into Eye-Screening Tools

        2014

      • Campus Today, the Cosmos Tomorrow

        2014

      • Breakthrough in Retinal Implants Expected to Restore Sight to the Blind

        2013

      • The UA in 2013, A Retrospective

        2013

      • Professor's Research Helps Restore Sight to the Blind

        2012

      • UA Engineer Launches Robotic Planetary Lake Lander

        2012

      • Electrical and Computer Engineering Celebrates 100 Years

        2010

      • Engineers Will Create Planetary Rover From Retinal Implant Test Robot

        2009

      • Caltech Scientist to Join UA Engineering Faculty

        2009

      • Future "Smart" Robotic Space Missions Will Be Multi-Tiered, Researchers Say

        2005

      Publications (246)
      Recent
      • Chicxulub-like Gale impact into an ocean/land interface on Mars: An explanation for the formation of Mount Sharp

        2023

      • Automated network-on-chip design

        2023

      • Flight duration enhancement for single rotorcraft and multicopters

        2023

      • 20 Years of Tier-Scalable Reconnaissance: Adoption of a Game-changing Mission Paradigm

        2022

      • Traverse and trajectory optimization and multi-purpose tracking

        2022

      • Vehicular tip or rollover protection mechanisms

        2021

      • VISTATM: Visual Impairment Subtle Touch AidTM

        2021

      • ORACLE-A PHM Test & Validation Platform for Anomaly Detection in Crew Member Vital Sign Data

        2021

      • Visual Impairment Subtle Touch AidTM; ARVO (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology)

        2020

      • Smartphone-based handheld ophthalmic examination devices

        2020

      • Stochastic multi-objective Pareto-optimization framework for fully automated ab initio network-on-chip design

        2020

      • Inventory of Vital Sign Changes as Indicators of Environmental Changes aboard Space Habitats

        2020

      • A PHM Test Validation Platform for Anomaly Detection in Crew Member Vital Sign Data

        2020

      • Eye movement in response to visual stimuli for assessment of ophthalmic and neurological conditions

        2020

      • A paradigm shift from telemedicine to autonomous human health and performance for long-duration space missions

        2019

      • Paths to non-deterministic autonomy: practical and qualitative considerations towards a Hawking-Musk-esque nightmare

        2019

      • Conceptual design considerations for a wireless intraocular pressure sensor system for effective glaucoma management

        2019

      • “PHM for Astronauts” Project to Run on the International Space Station: The Status and Plan Forward

        2019

      • Overhead Detection, Identification, and Tracking of Multiple Surface-based Exploration Vehicles

        2019

      • Virtual Opportunistic Reaction Perimetry (VORP)

        2019

      • Nanowired ultra-capacitor based power sources for implantable sensors and devices

        2019

      • Special issue on phm for human health & performance

        2019

      • Sensor quality upgrade framework

        2019

      • Planetary protection and the astrobiological exploration of Mars: proactive steps in moving forward

        2019

      • Globally optimal rover traverse planning in 3D using Dijkstra’s algorithm for multi-objective deployment scenarios

        2019

      • Integrated Multi-Parameter Representation of Changes in Visual Field Data Time Series for Threshold Amsler Grid Tests

        2018

      • Wearable High-Speed Pupillometer for Concurrent Binocular Recording and Associated Cloud-based Analysis

        2018

      • Apparatus for electrical stimulation of a cell and method of use

        2018

      • Tip-or rollover protection mechanisms for planetary rovers enabling exploration of high-risk sites

        2018

      • Nature-inspired sensors

        2018

      • Pareto-Optimization Framework for Automated Network-on-Chip Design

        2018

      • Publisher Correction: Nanobiophotonics: Nature-inspired sensors.

        2018

      • Anomaly Detection and Target Prioritization in Planetary Imagery via the Automated Global Feature Analyzer (TM)(AGFA (TM)): Progress Towards a Driver for Autonomous (CISR)-I-4 …

        2018

      • Anomaly detection and target prioritization in planetary imagery via the Automated Global Feature Analyzer (AGFA): Progress towards a driver for autonomous C4ISR missions

        2018

      • Tier-Scalable Reconnaissance: the Future in Autonomous C4ISR Systems has arrived

        2017

      • Tier-scalable reconnaissance: the future in autonomous C4ISR systems has arrived: progress towards an outdoor testbed

        2017

      • Waypoint-to-waypoint Energy-efficient Path Planning for Multi-copters

        2017

      • PHM from a Practitioner’s Perspective – A Potpourri of Capabilities

        2017

      • System And Method To Geospatially And Temporally Predict A Propagation Event

        2017

      • Mutual Information-based Heartbeat Similarity Measurement for Crew Health Monitoring in Space

        2017

      • Novel Display Modalities of Visual Field Loss Progression Over Time for Threshold Amsler Grid Tests

        2017

      • Smart Ophthalmics: the future in Tele-­Ophthalmology has arrived

        2016

      • Comparison of 3D Computer-automated Threshold Amsler Grid Testing and Microperimetry in Wet AMD Patients

        2016

      • A self-powered and geo-tagged method to enable continuous high-quality data recording.

        2016

      • 3D-CTAG testing of functional and structural changes of the macula

        2016

      • Prognostics and health management (PHM) for astronauts: a collaboration project on the International Space Station

        2016

      • Smartphone-based head-mounted binocular high-speed pupillometer

        2016

      • Ceeable Visual Field Analyzer (CVFA) for the portable, comprehensive, and tele-medical assessment of visual performance over time in warfighters, pilots, veterans, and civilians

        2016

      • System perspectives for mobile platform design in m-Health

        2016

      • Smart ophthalmics: the future in tele-ophthalmology has arrived

        2016

      • Self-Powering and Geo-Tagging Method for Pipeline Inspection Gauges to Enable Continuous High-Quality Data- Recording

        2016

      • PHM for astronauts: Elaborating and refining the concept

        2016

      • The Argyre Region as a Prime Target for in situ Astrobiological Exploration of Mars

        2016

      • Ceeable Visual Field Analyzer (CVFA) for the Portable, Comprehensive, and Tele-­medical Assessment of Visual Performance in Warfighters, Veterans, and Civilian

        2016

      • Psychological health monitoring for pilots and astronauts by tracking sleep-stress-emotion changes

        2016

      • Systems and methods for real-time signal processing and fitting

        2016

      • Rover Traverse-­‐Optimizing Planner For Multi-­‐Objective Deployment Scenarios

        2015

      • Automated feature analysis, comparison, and anomaly detection

        2015

      • Rover traverse-optimizing planner for multi-objective deployment scenarios

        2015

      • Wearable sensor based stress management using integrated respiratory and ECG waveforms

        2015

      • Multi-Rover Framework to Autonomously Explore Planetary Lava Tubes

        2015

      • Smart ophthalmics: a smart service platform for tele-ophthalmology

        2015

      • Mars Changing Environment, Habitability, And Prime Targets

        2015

      • Geological and hydrological histories of the Argyre province, Mars

        2015

      • Avoiding Planetary Rover Damage by Multi-Objective Rover Traverse Optimization

        2015

      • Autonomous Exploration of Planetary Lava Tubes Using a Multi-Rover Framework

        2015

      • Artificial vision support system (AVS2) for improved prosthetic vision

        2014

      • Accessible web page design for the visually impaired: a case study

        2014

      • Planning a pilot project on the ISS for crew health management & maintenance beyond LEO

        2014

      • Portable system to monitor astronaut ocular health and the development of the VIIP Syndrome

        2014

      • Performance assessment and optimization of motion planning in a surgical trainer for potential space applications

        2014

      • Operational challenges of retinal prostheses

        2014

      • Method for comparative evaluation of therapeutic efficacy in dry AMD patients using 3D-CTAG

        2014

      • Accessible Webpage Design for the Visually Impaired--A Case Study

        2014

      • Detecting recurrence of macular edema in patients with wet AMD after anti‐VEGF treatment using 3D‐CTAG test

        2014

      • Electric stimulation of neurons and neural networks in retinal prostheses

        2013

      • Comprehensive visual field test & diagnosis system in support of astronaut health and performance

        2013

      • Prospective three-dimensional analysis of structure and function in vitreomacular adhesion cured by pharmacologic vitreolysis

        2013

      • PHM for Astronauts – A New Application

        2013

      • Segmentation of X‐ray CT data of porous materials: A review of global and locally adaptive algorithms

        2013

      • PHM for astronauts–a new application

        2013

      • Planetary Imaging in Powers of Ten: A Multiscale, Multipurpose Astrobiological Imager

        2013

      • Simultaneous vs. sequential and unipolar vs. multipolar stimulation in retinal prostheses

        2013

      • Electric field shaping via separatrices for focused electric retinal stimulation via retinal implants

        2013

      • Robotic lake lander test bed for autonomous surface and subsurface exploration of titan lakes

        2012

      • Three-dimensional multiphase segmentation of X-Ray CT data of porous materials using a Bayesian Markov random field framework

        2012

      • Web-accessible visual field test and analysis system for multi-center studies and touchpad device access

        2012

      • The Biological Oxidant and Life Detection (BOLD) mission: A proposal for a mission to Mars

        2012

      • Operational design considerations for retinal prostheses

        2012

      • Autonomous real-time landing site selection for venus and titan using evolutionary fuzzy cognitive maps

        2012

      • Macular Dysfunction and Structure in Macular Pucker with Good Visual Acuity

        2011

      • 3-D Multiphase Segmentation of X-Ray Micro Computed Tomography Data of Geologic Materials

        2011

      • Autonomous Real-Time Site Selection for Venus and Titan Landing using Evolutionary Fuzzy Cognitive Maps

        2011

      • ASTER imaging and analysis of glacier hazards

        2011

      • Robotic test bed for autonomous surface exploration of Titan, Mars, and other planetary bodies

        2011

      • Method to create arbitrary sidewall geometries in 3-dimensions using liga with a stochastic optimization framework

        2011

      • An inventory of potentially habitable environments on Mars: Geological and biological perspectives

        2011

      • Automated and integrated analysis and characterization system for visual field defects in 3d

        2010

      • Space Missions and Technologies

        2010

      • Multi-agent autonomous system and method

        2010

      • Identification of cryovolcanism on Titan using fuzzy cognitive maps

        2010

      • Tier-Scalable Reconnaissance Missions for Autonomous Exploration and Spatio-Temporal Monitoring of Climate Change with Particular Application to Glaciers and their Environs

        2010

      • arizonaengineer

        2010

      • Quantifying the Effects of Macular Pucker Vitrectomy Surgery on Macular Structure and Function

        2010

      • Fuzzy Cognitive Maps for Glacier Hazards Assessment: Application to Predicting the Potential for Glacier Lake Outbursts

        2010

      • Hunza Landslide and Monsoon Flooding in Pakistan Call for International Attention to Transboundary Natural Hazards

        2010

      • Dynamic optimization of N‐joint robotic limb deployments

        2010

      • Microcomputer-based artificial vision support system for real-time image processing for camera-driven visual prostheses

        2010

      • Comprehensive visual field test and diagnosis system for visual performance assessment in military settings

        2010

      • Linkage among Geology, Hydrology, Climate, and Life on Earth Point to Possible Life-containing Environments on Mars

        2010

      • Novel 3D computer-automated threshold Amsler grid visual field testing of scotomas in patients with glaucoma

        2009

      • Distinguishing dry vs. wet AMD With 3-D computer-automated threshold Amsler grid test

        2009

      • Evolutionary Computing Methods for Spectral Retrieval

        2009

      • Space Exploration Technologies II

        2009

      • µAVS2: Microcomputer-Based Artificial Vision Support System for Real-Time Image Processing for Camera-Driven Visual Prostheses

        2009

      • Multi-rover testbed for teleconducted and autonomous surveillance, reconnaissance, and exploration

        2009

      • Autonomous self-configuration of artificial neural networks for data classification or system control

        2009

      • Optimal attitude control parameters via stochastic optimization framework for autonomous aircraft

        2009

      • Optomechanical and digital ocular sensor reader systems

        2009

      • Evidence for Amazonian acidic liquid water on Mars—A reinterpretation of MER mission results

        2009

      • CYCLOPS: A mobile robotic platform for testing and validating image processing algorithms in support of visual prostheses

        2009

      • Quantitative analysis of central visual field defects in macular edema using three-dimensional computer-automated threshold Amsler grid testing

        2009

      • Method and system for training a visual prosthesis

        2008

      • Evolutionary computational methods for the design of spectral instruments

        2008

      • Making Complex Electrically Conductive Patterns on Cloth

        2008

      • Space Exploration Technologies

        2008

      • Systems design of a high resolution retinal prosthesis

        2008

      • Robotic resource exploration is a key to human expansion through the cosmos

        2008

      • Space Exploration Technologies: 17-18 March 2008, Orlando, Florida, USA

        2008

      • Characterizing ethambutol‐induced optic neuropathy with a 3D computer‐automated threshold Amsler grid test

        2008

      • Multi-Rover Test Bed for Tele-Conducted and Autonomous Surface Operations for the Moon and Mars

        2008

      • Fuzzy Logic and Glacier Dynamics Assessment: New Paradigms for Operational Hazard Detection Systems

        2008

      • Automated global feature analyzer-a driver for tier-scalable reconnaissance

        2008

      • Automated Global Feature Analyzer (AGFA) for the Intelligent and Autonomous Robotic Exploration of the Solar System

        2008

      • Session 3. Approaches and Technologies to Detect Life on Mars

        2008

      • Ocular sensor reader systems for treatment and management of glaucoma

        2008

      • Stochastic optimization framework (SOF) for computer-optimized design, engineering, and performance of multi-dimensional systems and processes

        2008

      • Snapshot Retinal Oximetry: Results of a Novel Four Wavelength Oximetry Formula in Retinal Hyperspectral Imaging

        2008

      • Intelligent systems for the autonomous exploration of Titan and Enceladus

        2008

      • Granular processes on Itokawa, a small near-Earth asteroid: implications for resource utilization

        2008

      • Stochastic optimization framework for the optimization of prosthetic vision

        2008

      • Quantitative Analysis of Central Visual Field Defects Using 3D Threshold Amsler Grid Testing in Patients With Macular Edema

        2007

      • Early detection of glaucoma by means of a novel 3D computer-automated visual field test

        2007

      • Searching for Life on Extraterrestrial Bodies: Fuzzy Autonomous Systems for Planetary Reconnaissance

        2007

      • The Biological Oxidant and Life Detection (BOLD) mission: an outline for a new mission to Mars [6694-23]

        2007

      • Accessible Webpage Design for the General Public, Domain Experts, and Visually Impaired

        2007

      • Multiple-Agent Air/Ground Autonomous Exploration Systems

        2007

      • Tier-scalable reconnaissance: the challenge of sensor optimization, sensor deployment, sensor fusion, and sensor interoperability

        2007

      • Tier-scalable reconnaissance missions for the autonomous exploration of planetary bodies

        2007

      • Efficient Optimization of Low-Thrust Spacecraft Trajectories

        2007

      • Adapter-based Microscopic and Wide-angle Imaging Capability For Digital Cameras For Planetary Exploration and Astrobiology

        2007

      • Snapshot hyperspectral imaging in ophthalmology

        2007

      • An Intelligently Reconfigurable Snapshot Imaging Spectrometer for Planetary Exploration

        2007

      • Tier-scalable Reconnaissance Mission Test Bed: Implementation of Ground-Tier

        2007

      • Prioritizing Putative Hydrothermal Sites on Mars

        2007

      • Exploration of hydrothermal targets on Mars

        2007

      • The Biological Oxidant and Life Detection (BOLD) mission: an outline for a new mission to Mars

        2007

      • Stochastic Evolutionary Algorithms for Planning Robot Paths

        2006

      • Optically powered and optically data-transmitting wireless intraocular pressure sensor device

        2006

      • SIMEYE: Computer–Based Simulation of Visual Perception Under Various Eye Defects

        2006

      • Low-thrust mission trade studies with parallel, evolutionary computing

        2006

      • Autonomous tier-scalable reconnaissance missions for remote planetary exploration

        2006

      • Multi-Layer Fuzzy Logic-based Expert System for Conducting Tier-scalable Planetary Reconnaissance

        2006

      • Progress towards a high-resolution retinal prosthesis

        2006

      • Tier-Scalable Reconnaissance: A Paradigm Shift in Autonomous Remote Planetary Exploration of Mars and Beyond

        2006

      • Sample Return Missions to Mars, Venus, and the Ices on Mercury and the Moon

        2006

      • Generic prioritization framework for target selection and instrument usage for reconnaissance mission autonomy

        2006

      • Hardware Platforms for Electrostatic Tuning of Mems Gyroscope Using Nature-Inspired Computation

        2006

      • Geology of the Terrestrial Planets with Implications to Astrobiology and Mission Design

        2006

      • simEye: computer-based simulation of visual perception under various eye defects using Zernike polynomials

        2006

      • Retrieval of Earthshine Spectra Using Evolutionary Computational Methods as Analogs for Extra-Solar Planetary Spectra

        2006

      • Multi-agent autonomous system

        2006

      • Fuzzy logic expert system for tier-scalable planetary reconnaissance

        2006

      • Multi-tier Multi-agent Autonomous Robotic Planetary Surface/Subsurface Reconnaissance For Life

        2006

      • Retrieval of Extra-Solar Planetary Spectra Using Evolutionary Computational Methods

        2005

      • Evolutionary computation technologies for the automated design of space systems

        2005

      • Design and optimization of low-thrust orbit transfers

        2005

      • Comparison of multi-objective genetic algorithms in optimizing q-law low-thrust orbit transfers

        2005

      • Image processing and interface for retinal visual prostheses

        2005

      • Evolutionary computation technologies for space systems

        2005

      • Next-generation robotic planetary reconnaissance missions: a paradigm shift

        2005

      • Digital object recognition audio-assistant for the visually impaired

        2005

      • Multi-objective evolutionary algorithms for low-thrust orbit transfer optimization

        2005

      • AGFA:(Airborne) automated geologic field analyzer

        2005

      • Next-Generation Robotic Planetary Surface/Subsurface Reconnaissance Missions: A Paradigm Shift

        2005

      • Artificial vision simulator (AVS) for enhancing and optimizing visual perception of retinal implant carriers

        2005

      • Tuning of MEMS devices using evolutionary computation and open-loop frequency response

        2005

      • Refractive correction method for digital charge-coupled device-recorded Scheimpflug photographs by means of ray tracing

        2005

      • Hardware platforms for MEMS gyroscope tuning based on evolutionary computation using open-loop and closed-loop frequency response

        2005

      • Evolutionary computation applied to the tuning of MEMS gyroscopes

        2005

      • Compact Infrasonic Windscreen

        2005

      • Venus, Mars, and the ices on Mercury and the Moon: astrobiological implications and proposed mission designs

        2005

      • Neural attractor network for application in visual field data classification

        2004

      • Evolutionary Computation Techniques for the Automated Design of Space Systems

        2004

      • California Institute of Technology, Pasadena; 2Doheny Eye Institute, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA

        2004

      • Research Note-Retinal Implant Research: The Possibility of Artificial Vision

        2004

      • DORA: Digital Object Recognition Audio–Assistant For The Visually Impaired

        2004

      • Three-dimensional computer-automated threshold Amsler grid test

        2004

      • Computer-based 3D visual field testing with peripheral fixation points

        2004

      • Worldwide Accessible Comprehensive Visual Field Test & Diagnosis System

        2003

      • Computer-based 3D visual field test system and analysis

        2003

      • Novel 3D computerized threshold Amsler grid test

        2003

      • Clustering algorithm for mutually constraining heterogeneous features

        2002

      • Automated objective characterization of visual field defects in 3D

        2002

      • Heterarchical clustering in mutually constraining but disjunct feature spaces

        2002

      • Automating shape analysis of rocks on Mars

        2002

      • Novel 3D computer-automated threshold Amsler grid test

        2002

      • Autonomous visual field test and diagnosis system in space and on Earth

        2002

      • Project Eyemovie: Motion visualization of eye defects.

        2001

      • Beam-deflection method of diagnosing impaired vision

        2001

      • Computer automated 3D visual field testing of scotomas in glaucoma.

        2001

      • Observing active volcanism on Earth and beyond with an autonomous science investigation capability

        2001

      • Computer-automated 3-D visual field testing in distinguishing paracentral scotomas of optic neuritis vs. AlON.

        2000

      • Neural attractor network classification of visual field data

        1999

      • Scheimpflug records without distortion–a mythos?

        1999

      • Internet-based neural network classification of visual field data

        1999

      • Axiale linsenverschiebung als Differentialdiagnose bei Visusstörungen nach Kapselruptur

        1998

      • Axial displacement of IOL and visual impairment

        1998

      • Strahldeflektionsmethode bei der Diagnostik unklarer Sehstörungen

        1998

      • Development of the Tubingen neuro-ophthalmological perimetric database

        1998

      • Digital video gaze tracking in a head mounted display (HMD)

        1997

      • Effect of dislocated and tilted correction glasses on perimetric outcome—A simulation using ray-tracing

        1997

      • Finite size scaling in neural networks

        1997

      • A miniaturized campimetric system based on a head mounted device (HMCS)

        1997

      • Development of a video based eye tracking system

        1996

      • Digital video eye tracking in perimetry

        1996

      • Visuelle Abbildung bei hohen Ametropien-Computergestützte Simulation mittels strahlenoptischer Rechnungen

        1996

      • A ray tracer for ophthalmological applications.

        1996

      • Multi-layered perceptron as a model for the pupillary pathway.

        1996

      • Visual image in high ametropia. Computer-assisted simulation with optic ray calculation

        1996

      • Dislocation of intraocular lens analysed by means of ray tracing

        1996

      • Visual mapping under high ametropia. A computer aided simulation using ray tracing

        1996

      • Statistical mechanics calculation of Vapnik-Chervonenkis bounds for perceptrons

        1993

      • Study of the optimization of satellite system design for transfer orbit

        1983

      • Instant and Intuitive Visual Exploration of Planetary Spatial Data

        1890

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