Since 2020, aggregated from related topics

Non-equilibrium dynamics is a research area in physics that focuses on the behavior of systems that are not at thermodynamic equilibrium. These systems can exhibit a wide range of complex and often unpredictable behaviors, such as self-organization, chaos, and patterns emerging from randomness. Non-equilibrium dynamics is a fundamental aspect of many natural phenomena, including the dynamics of biological systems, the behavior of materials under extreme conditions, and the evolution of complex systems like the Earth's climate. Researchers in this field use a variety of theoretical and experimental techniques to study the dynamics of non-equilibrium systems and understand the underlying principles governing their behavior.