Calculation is a research area that focuses on developing mathematical algorithms and techniques for performing computations, solving problems, and analyzing data. It is a fundamental aspect of many scientific disciplines, including mathematics, computer science, engineering, physics, and more. Researchers in this field aim to develop efficient and accurate methods for numerical and symbolic calculations, modeling complex systems, and analyzing data using various computational tools and techniques. Calculation research also often involves investigating the theoretical foundations of algorithms and their practical applications in real-world scenarios.