Mathematical biology is a multidisciplinary field that uses mathematical modeling and computational tools to study and understand biological systems. Researchers in this field apply mathematical techniques to analyze and predict the behavior of various biological processes, such as population dynamics, genetic evolution, and biochemical reactions. By developing mathematical models, researchers can gain insights into complex biological phenomena, make predictions about future outcomes, and test hypotheses in a quantitative and systematic manner. Mathematical biology has applications in various areas, including ecology, epidemiology, neuroscience, and developmental biology.